by Ernie Sanz.
I have been asked to write an article about some of the important aspects of judging based on my experience as a judge in the United States. I would like to share a few ideas from a judge’s point of view, which I think could be interesting for readers of all experience levels. For the purpose of this article, we will focus on a Classic Fino category, one that is highly prized in this sport.
When we look at a Paso Fino horse as a judge (there may not be a more important point than this), the first thing we look at is the overall package, that is, the horse in total. For example, I look for elegance, execution and beauty. So, if a horse has a defect, even one that receives a scoring penalty, don’t let that one problem divert your attention from the overall performance of the horse. Always remember to judge with the overall picture in mind.
After that, I begin to study the Paso Fino horse part by part. One of the judging points that first calls my attention is the speed of the feet. For those of you who may be new to the sport, when I talk about speed, I’m referring to the speed of the up and down motion of the horse’s hooves, similar to the pistons in your car’s engine or the needle of a sewing machine. If we were to create a speed scale from one to seven with one being the slowest and seven being the fastest, we would want the speed of the Classic Fino’s feet to be at level seven, the fastest. However, speed isn’t everything, so let’s break things down a little further.
The next point of discussion is the proper action of the front feet. There are various technical terms for it. Traditionally, it has been called “Finura” or the sharpness of the foot striking the riding surface. Others call it “Timbre” like the firm action of someone hitting papers with a stamp at the office. Furthermore, others call it “Rapides” for the speed or quickness of the front feet. Again, for those of you who aren’t experienced, it’s as if we were looking at the action at the end of a whip as it cracks quickly downward. Another analogy might be the rapid, spinning motion of the drive wheels of a railroad locomotive, when its power is released but the wheels haven’t gained traction yet.
Along with the speed and firmness of the front feet, some consider part of the proper action to be the lowness of the stomp. In other words, the horse should not raise its front feet very far off the riding surface. I do think there’s some truth to this, but it’s not always the case. For example, if one horse is low and slow and another is high and fast the one that is high and fast has a better chance to place than the one that is low and slow, even in a Fino class. So speed plays an important role, not only in competition, but also in every facet of these animals. For example, speed is important in choosing a breeding animal, it increases the appraisal value of any animal. It’s a major determining factor in the value of young animals and it raises the level of placement in all other categories such as performance and pleasure. I won’t go into detail here because that would be a topic for another time.
We begin with the front of the horse so now let’s talk about the speed and action of the hind legs and feet. They are important for a number of reasons which I will list in no particular order of importance. The hind legs and feet are the “motor” of the horse. Those of us who have had the opportunity to ride one of these animals with good posterior movement can attest to this.
In judging the hind legs and feet, we first look for the piston-like action of the hocks. In some cases, this action isn’t expressed well when the horse is fully collected, yet we can still feel it through the power of the impact of the feet upon the riding surface. Once again, like speed, it plays an important role in judging. Sometimes, the force that is displayed in this movement can be seen in a different way. For example, when the rear feet properly execute this action, dirt or grass is thrown backwards. On other occasions, like on hard surfaces, the horse’s feet slide to the rear in a swooping action or as if it were skating backwards.
Now it’s time to talk about “Collection”, that is, bringing into proper line all the parts of the horse in motion. This plays an important role, especially in the United States because it is part of the requirements for the Classic Fino. It is my humble opinion, however, that there are times when we have to sacrifice “collection” if the individual virtues of a horse (that is not quite as collected) surpass those of a more collected one. For example, if one horse isn’t as well collected as another but has better speed, is quieter in the hind quarters, has a better vertical appearance (plumb line), is more elegant, and has more beauty… there is sufficient reason to place the horse that isn’t as well collected higher. But, to keep a proper perspective, remember that collection tells a lot about a horse because the majority of extraordinary Finos down through history have been collected.
At this point, let me interject a few words about a very critical element in competition. What I am talking about now is the rhythm of the Paso Fino gait. What we listen for here is the “taca, taca, taca” sound of the hooves in a coordinated rhythm. Remember, too, if a horse veers toward the diagonal (troche) or the lateral (pace), it loses its opportunity to earn a good score in the competition. In fact, without a proper Paso Fino rhythm in gait, a horse cannot win a competition.
Let’s continue with a few other points although, perhaps, not quite as important as the ones we’ve already discussed.
- The croup, i.e. hind quarters, should be as quiet as possible in a competition horse. By that I mean, they shouldn’t move from side to side or up and down. Naturally, we should always penalize an unsteady croup. Now, let me discuss a couple of situations that can give you further insight into this point. In the first situation, let’s say there is a horse that is extraordinary overall, yet it has some movement in the croup. Its competitor is a mediocre horse with no movement in the croup. In this case, he horse that is extraordinary overall should place higher than the mediocre one. The second is a situation where we have two outstanding horses. The first one has a higher overall rating but has an unsteady croup. The second, has a lower overall rating, but has a superior croup. In this case, the second horse, with the better croup, should place higher.
- A horse should always react properly to the demands of the rider. It should not break gait either by a change in rhythm or a jump (lurch) forward.
- A horse should have a proper vertical alignment (plumb line) of its front legs and feet. I look for three key areas that I’ll rank in order of importance. 1). its front feet shouldn’t cross in front of each other 2). Its feet should not toe (point) in or toe out instead of being lined up in the direction the horse is going nor should its feet “wing out”. (Winging out occurs when a horses feet go outside of its line of forward movement in a swimming-like motion)
Judging a Classic Fino competition demands a lot from the horse, rider and judge. And of course, in such a limited space we cannot deliver total justice to the complex art of judging. However, I hope that the ideas I have presented here have been of value to you and can enhance the way in which you view your next competition whatever your level of experience and knowledge may be.